Last Update: Saturday September 25, 2021

# WORKING DRAFT:The Five Planck Base UnitsNatural and Fundamental units: Time, Length, Mass, Charge, Temperature

First published on the web: February 12, 2015
Most recent update: September 21, 2015

Please note: This chart is the subject of several working papers (i.e., A Simple View Of The Universe). It is the focus here! It is the sequel to the chart on Planck Time and Planck Length. It is a rather primitive test of simple ideas. You may find simple mathematical errors as well as important conceptual errors, especially around the Planck Temperature placement. Our goal is simply to open a discussion. If you have comments or suggestions, please let us know. Please write to Bruce Camber via email at camber-at-Smallbusinessschool.org or call: 214-801-8521.

T=Time (seconds)

L=Length (meters)

M=Mass (kilograms) Q=Charge (coulomb) Θ=Temperature(TP) (kelvin)

Planck Time

Planck Length

Planck Mass

Planck Charge

Planck Temperature

204

The Age of the Universe:
13.78 to 13.82 billion years

8.310x1026 m
or the "Future Universe"

5.59602674996×1052kg

4.82234639576×1043 C

Decision tree:
certainty = 50.001

203

Are we in the first third
of 201st doubling?

4.155x1026 m
(or Near-Future Universe)

2.79801337498×1052kg

2.41117319788×1043 C

Questions & Discussion*

202

6.9309178x1017 seconds
(21.9777± billion years)

2.077x1026 m
(to become the
Observable Universe)

1.39900668749×1052kg

1.20558659894×1043 C

1.416 833(85)×1032 K

According to the best authorities in the scientific community, the Age of the Universe is currently within a credible range from 13.78-to-13.8242 billion years.

201

346,545,888,147,200,000 s
(10.9888± billion years)

1.03885326x1026 m
(on approach to the
Observable Universe)

6.99503343744×1051kg

6.02793299472×1042 C

7.084165×1031 K

200

173,272,944,073,600,000 s
(5.49444± billion years) (1017)

5.19426632x1025 m

3.49751671872×1051kg 3.01396649736×1042 C 3.54208255×1031 K

199

86,636,472,036,800,000 s
(2.747± billion years)

2.59713316x1025 m

1.74875835936×1051kg 1.50698324868×1042 C 1.77104125×1031 K

198

43,318,236,018,400,000 s
(1.3736± billion years)

1.29856658x1025 m

8.7437917968×1050kg 7.5349162434×1041 C 8.885520625×1030 K

197

21,659,118,009,200,000 s
(686.806± million years)

6.49283305x1024 m

4.3718958984×1050kg 3.7674581217×1041 C 4.427603125×1030 K

196

10,829,559,004,600,000 s
(342.4± million years) (1016)

3.24641644x1024 m

2.1859479492×1050kg 1.88372906085×1041 C 2.2138015625×1030 K

195

5,414,779,502,320,000 s
(171.2± million years)

1.62320822x1024 m

1.0929739746×1050kg 9.41864530424×1040 C 1.10690078125×1030 K

194

2,707,389,751,160,000 s
(85.6± million years)

8.11604112x1023 m

5.464869873×1049kg 4.70932265212×1040 C 5.5345039062×1029 K

193

1,353,694,875,580,000 seconds
(42.8± million years) (1015)

4.05802056x1023 m

2.7324349365×1049kg 2.35466132606×1040 C 2.7672519531×1029 K

192

676,847,437,792,000 seconds
(21.4± million years)

2.02901033x1023 m

1.36621746825×1049kg 1.17733066303×1040 C 1.38362597655×1029 K

191

338,423,718,896,000 seconds
(10.724± million years)

1.01450514x1023 m

6.83108734124×1048kg 5.88665331516×1039 C 6.9181298827×1028 K

190

169,211,859,448,000 seconds
(5.3± million years) (1014)

5.07252568x1022 m

3.41554367062×1048kg 2.94332665758×1039 C 3.45906494135×1028 K

189

84,605,929,724,000 seconds
(2.6± million years)

2.5362629 x1022 m

1.70777183531×1048kg 1.47166332879×1039 C 1.72953247067×1028 K

188

42,302,964,862,000 seconds
(1.3± million years)

1.26813145 x1022 m

8.53885917656×1047kg 7.35831664396×1038 C 8.6476623533×1027 K

187

21,151,482,431,000 seconds
(640± thousand years)

6.34065727x1021 m

4.26942958828×1047kg 3.67915832198×1038 C 4.32383117665×1027 K

186

10,575,741,215,500 seconds
(320± thousand years) (1013)

3.17032864x1021 m or
3 Zettameters or 310,000 ly

2.13471479414×1047kg 1.83957916099×1038 C 2.16191558832×1027 K

185

5,287,870,607,760 seconds
(160± thousand years)

1.58516432x1021 m

1.06735739707×1047kg 9.19789580496×1037 C 1.08095779416×1027 K

184

2,643,935,303,880 seconds
(83.7± thousand years)

7.92582136x1020 m

5.33678698536×1046kg 4.59894790248×1037 C 5.4047889708×1026 K

183

1,321,967,651,940 seconds
(41.8± thousand years) (1012)

3.96291068x1020 m

2.66839349268×1046kg 2.29947395124×1037 C 2.7023944854×1026 K

182

660,983,825,972 seconds
(20.9± thousand years)

1.981455338x1020 m

1.33419674634×1046kg 1.14973697562×1037 C 1.3511972427×1026 K

181

330,491,912,986 seconds

9.90727664x1019 meters

6.67098373172×1045kg 5.74868487808×1036 C 6.7559862135×1025 K

180

165,245,956,493 sec (1011)

4.95363832x1019 m

3.33549186586×1045kg 2.87434243904×1036 C 3.37799310675×1025 K

179

82,622,978,246.4 seconds

2.47681916x1019 m

1.66774593293×1045kg 1.43717121952×1036 C 1.68899655337×1025 K

178

41,311,489,123.2 seconds

1.23840958x1019 m

8.33872966464×1044kg 7.1858560976×1035 C 8.4449827668×1024 K

177

20,655,744,561.6 seconds

6.19204792x1018 m

4.16936483232×1044kg 3.5929280488×1035 C 4.2224913834×1024 K

176

10,327,872,280.8 sec (1010)

3.09602396x1018 m

2.08468241616×1044kg 1.7964640244×1035 C 2.1112456917×1024 K

175

5,163,936,140.4 seconds

1.54801198x1018 m

1.04234120808×1044kg 8.982320122×1034 C 1.05562284585×1024 K

174

2,581,968,070.2 seconds

7.74005992x1017 m

5.2117060404×1043kg 4.491160061×1034 C 5.2781142292×1023 K

173

1,290,984,035.1 sec  (109)

3.87002996x1017 m

2.6058530202×1043kg 2.2455800305×1034 C 2.6390571146×1023 K

172

645,492,017.552 seconds

1.93501504 x1017 m

1.3029265101×1043kg 1.12279001525×1034 C 1.3195285573×1023 K

171

322,746,008.776 seconds

9.67507488x1016 m

6.51463255052×1042kg 5.61395007624×1033 C 6.5976427865×1022 K

170

161,373,004.388 sec (108)

4.83753744x1016 m

3.25731627526×1042kg 2.80697503812×1033 C 3.29882139325×1022 K

169

80,686,502.194 seconds

2.41876872x1016 m

1.62865813763×1042kg 1.40348751906×1033 C 1.64941069662×1022 K

T = Time
Seconds

L = Length
Meters

M = Mass
Kilograms
C = Electric Charge
Coulombs
Θ = TP Temperature
Kelvin

168

40,343,251.097 s (466 days)

1.20938436x1016 m

8.14329068816×1041kg 7.01743759532×1032 C 8.2470534831×1021 K

Use the Gregorian calendar (circa 1582) where a year is 365.2425, the speed of light is given as 299,792,458 metres/second.
That calculation: 365.2425 times 86400 seconds/day (or 31556952 seconds/year) times 299,792,458 meters/second or 9.4605362+×1015 meters.
Discrepancies would become quite large at the size of the Observable Universe and the Age of the Known Universe.

Using Planck Units:

---

One Light Year

9.45994265715×1015m More analysis coming!

167

20,171,625.5485 seconds
(233.468 days)

6.0469218x1015 m

4.07164534408×1041kg 3.50871879766×1032 C 4.12352674155×1021 K

166

10,085,812.7742 seconds
(116.73 days) (107)

3.0234609x1015 m

2.03582267204×1041kg 1.75435939883×1032 C 2.06176337078×1021 K

165

5,042,906.38712 s (58.36±)

1.5117305x1015 m

1.01791133602×1041kg 8.77179699416×1031 C 1.03088168539×1021 K

164

2,521,453.19356 s (29.18+ days)

7.55865224x1014 m

5.08955668008×1040kg 4.38589849708×1031 C 5.1544084269×1020 K

163

1,260,726.59 s (14.59+ days) (106)

3.77932612x1014 m

2.54477834004×1040kg 2.19294924854×1031 C 2.57720421345×1020 K

162

630,363.29 s (7.29± days)
(604,800 seconds in a week)

1.88966306x1014 m

1.27238917002×1040kg 1.09647462427×1031 C 1.28860210672×1020 K

161

315,181.649195 seconds
(3.64794 days) (105)

9.44831528x1013 m

6.36194585012×1039kg 5.48237312136×1030 C 6.4430105336×1019 K

160

157,590.824598 s (1.82 days)

4.72415764x1013 m

3.18097292506×1039kg 2.74118656068×1030 C 3.2215052668×1019 K

159

78,795.4122988 seconds
(.911984 days) (86,400 s/day)

2.36207882x1013 m
( 24-hour light travel)

1.59048646253×1039kg 1.37059328034×1030 C 1.6107526334×1019 K

158

39,397.7061494 seconds

1.18103945x1013 m

7.95243231264×1038kg 6.85296640168×1029 C 8.053763167×1018 K

157

19,698.8530747 seconds (104)

5.90519726x1012 m

3.97621615632×1038kg 3.42648320084×1029 C 4.0268815835×1018 K

156

9849.42653735 seconds

2.95259863x1012 m

1.98810807816×1038kg 1.71324160042×1029 C 2.01344079175×1018 K

155

4924.71326867 seconds
(3600 s in hour)

1.47629931x1012 m

9.9405403908×1037kg 8.56620800208×1028 C 1.00672039587×1018 K

154

2462.35663434 seconds

738,149,657 kilometers

4.9702701954×1037kg 4.28310400104×1028 C 5.0336019793×1017 K

153

1231.17831717 seconds (103)

369,074,829 kilometers

2.4851350977×1037kg 2.14155200052×1028 C 2.51680098965×1017 K

152

615.589158584 seconds
(10.259+ minutes)

184,537,414 kilometers 1011

1.24256754885×1037kg 1.07077600026×1028 C 1.25840049483×1017 K

151

307.794579292 seconds

92,268,707.1 kilometers
(range of earth-to-sun)

6.21283774424×1036kg 5.35388000128×1027 C 6.2920024741×1016 K

150

153.897289646 seconds 102

46,134,353.6 kilometers

3.10641887212×1036kg 2.67694000064×1027 C 3.14600123705×1016 K

149

76.948644823 seconds
(16+ sec over 1 min)

23,067,176.8 kilometers

1.55320943606×1036kg 1.33847000032×1027 C 1.57300061853×1016 K

Comments:  A light minute, sixty times 299,792.458 km/second, the distance light travels in one minute, is 17,987,547.48 which is about 1000 kilometers off of 17,986,420.0329 km/second using the simple mathematics of this chart. This difference will be further analyzed.

148

38.4743224115 seconds
(21.53 sec to 1 min)

11,533,588.4 kilometers 1010

7.76604718028×1035kg 6.6923500016×1026 C 7.8650030926×1015 K

147

19.2371612058 seconds 101

5,766,794.2 kilometers

3.88302359014×1035kg 3.3461750008×1026 C 3.9325015463×1015 K

146

9.61858060288 seconds

2,883,397.1 kilometers

1.94151179507×1035kg 1.6730875004×1026 C 1.96625077315×1015 K

145

4.80929030144 seconds

1,441,698.55 kilometers 109

9.70755897536×1034kg 8.365437502×1025 C 9.8312538657×1014 K

144

2.40464515072 seconds

720,849.264 kilometers

4.85377948768×1034kg 4.182718751×1025 C 4.91562693285×1014 K

T = Time

L = Length

M = Mass C = Electric Charge Θ = TP Temperature

143

1.20232257536 s
(1s ≠ perfect tp multiple) 100

360,424.632 kilometers

2.42688974384×1034kg 2.0913593755×1025 C 2.45781346643×1014 K

Comments:  Science knows experimentally that light travels 299,792.458 km/second (a light second).   Here it is confirmed using simple mathematics. To our knowledge, this is the first time it has been confirmed in this manner.  Also, a Planck Time multiple, either 1.202 seconds or .6011 seconds, could be used as a standard unit of time that is based on a theoretical constant.  We will explore further the calculations for a day, week, month and year based on such a system. We'll also explore it in light of recent work to define the theoretical chronon.

--- A Light Second 299,792.458 km

142

6.0116128768×10−1 seconds

180,212.316 kilometers
(111,979+ miles) 108 m

1.21344487192×1034kg 1.04567968775×1025 C 1.22890673322×1014 K

141

3.0058064384×10−1 seconds

90,106.158 kilometers

6.0672243596×1033kg 5.22839843876×1024 C 6.1445336661×1013 K

140

1.5029032192×10−1 seconds

45,053.079 kilometers

3.0336121798×1033kg 2.61419921938×1024 C 3.07226683305×1013 K

139

7.514516096×10−2 seconds

22,526.5398 kilometers

1.5168060899×1033kg 1.30709960969×1024 C 1.53613341653×1013 K

138

3.757258048×10−2 seconds

11,263.2699 kilometers 107

7.58403044948×1032kg 6.53549804844×1023 C 7.6806670826×1012 K

137

1.878629024×10−2 seconds

5631.63496 kilometers

3.79201522474×1032kg 3.26774902422×1023 C 3.8403335413×1012 K

136

9.39314512×10−3 seconds

2815.81748 kilometers

1.89600761237×1032kg 1.63387451211×1023 C 1.92016677065×1012 K

135

4.69657256×10−3 seconds

1407.9087 kilometers 106

9.48003806184×1031kg 8.16937256056×1022 C 9.6008338532×1011 K

The transition from the Human-Scale to the Large Scale Universe (going up) and from the Large Scale to Human Scale (going down)

134

2.34828628×10−3 seconds

703.954368 kilometers

4.74001903092×1031kg 4.08468628028×1022 C 4.8004169266×1011 K

133

1.17414×10−3 seconds

351.977184 kilometers

2.37000951546×1031kg 2.04234314014×1022 C 2.4002084633×1011 K

132

5.8707157335×10−4 seconds

175.988592 kilometers 105

1.18500475773×1031kg 1.02117157007×1022 C 1.20010423165×1011 K

131

2.93535786675×10−4 seconds

87.994296 kilometers

5.92502378864×1030kg 5.10585785036×1021 C 6.0005211582×1010 K

130

1.46767893338×10−4 seconds

43.997148 kilometers

2.96251189432×1030kg 2.55292892518×1021 C 3.0002605791×1010 K

129

7.33839466688×10−5 seconds

21.998574 kilometers

1.48125594716×1030kg 1.27646446259×1021 C 1.50013028955×1010 K

128

3.66919733344×10−5 seconds

10.999287 kilometers 104
or within 6.83464 miles

7.4062797358×1029kg 6.38232231296×1020 C 7.5006514477×109 K

127

1.83459866672×10−5 seconds

5.49964348 kilometers

3.7031398679×1029kg 3.19116115648×1020 C 3.75032572385×109 K

126

9.1729933336×10−6 seconds

2.74982174 kilometers

1.85156993395×1029kg 1.59558057824×1020 C 1.87516286193×109 K

125

4.5864966668×10−6 seconds

1.37491087 kilometers 103

9.25784966976×1028kg 7.9779028912×1019 C 9.3758143096×108 K

124

2.2932483334×10−6 seconds

4.62892483488×1028kg 3.9889514456×1019 C 4.6879071548×108 K

123

1.1466241667×10−6 seconds

343.72772 meters

2.31446241744×1028kg 1.9944757228×1019 C 2.3439535774×108 K

122

5.73312083348×10−7 seconds

171.86386 meters

1.15723120872×1028kg 9.972378614×1018 C 1.1719767887×108 K

121

2.86656041674×10−7 seconds

85.9319296 meters 101

5.7861560436×1027kg 4.986189307×1018 C 5.8598839435×107 K

120

1.43328020837×10−7 s

42.9659648 meters

2.8930780218×1027kg 2.4930946535×1018 C 2.92994197175×107 K

119

7.16640104186×10−8 sec

21.4829824 meters

1.4465390109×1027kg 1.24654732675×1018 C 1.46497098587×107 K

118

3.58320052093×10−8 sec

10.7414912 meters
or 35.24 feet

7.23269505448×1026kg 6.23273663376×1017 C 7.3248549293×106 K

117

1.79160026046×10−8 seconds

5.3707456 meters

3.61634752724×1026kg 3.11636831688×1017 C 3.66242746465×106 K

116

8.95800130232×10−9 seconds

2.6853728 meters or
105.723 inches or 8' 3.723"

1.80817376362×1026kg 1.55818415844×1017 C 1.83121373232×106 K

115

4.47900065116×10−9 seconds

1.3426864 meters
or 52.86 inches 100

9.04086881808×1025kg 7.7909207922×1016 C 9.1560686616×105 K

114

2.23950032558×10−9 seconds

67.1343176 cm (19.68+ inches)

4.52043440904×1025kg 3.8954603961×1016 C 4.5780343308×105 K

113

1.11975016279×10−9 seconds

33.5671588 centimeters

2.26021720452×1025kg 1.94773019805×1016 C 2.2890171654×105 K

112

5.59875081396×10−10 seconds

16.7835794 centimeters (10-1)

1.13010860226×1025kg 9.73865099024×1015 C 1.1445085827×105 K

111

2.79937540698×10−10 seconds

8.39178968 cm (3.3+ inches)

5.65054301132×1024 kg 4.86932549512×1015 C 5.7225429135×104 K

110

1.39968770349×10−10 seconds

4.19589484 centimeters

2.82527150566×1024 kg 2.43466274756×1015 C 2.86127145675×104 K

109

6.99843851744×10−11 seconds

2.09794742 centimeters

1.41263575283×1024 kg 1.21733137378×1015 C 1.43063572837×104 K

108

3.499219×10−11 seconds

1.04897 centimeters (10-2 m)

7.06317876416×1023 kg 6.08665686888×1014 C 7.1531786418×103 K

107

1.74960962×10−11 seconds

5.24486856 millimeters or
about 1/4 inch or 5.24x10-3 m

3.5315893821×1023 kg

3.04332843444×1014 C

3.5765893209×103 K temperature of Sun: 5778 K

106

8.7480481×10−12 seconds

2.62243428 millimeters
or 2.62243428x10-3 m

1.7657946910×1023 kg 1.52166421722×1014 C 1.78829466045×103 K

105

4.374024×10−12 seconds

1.31121714 millimeters (10-3 m)

8.8289734552×1022 kg 7.60832108608×1013 C 8.9414733022×102 K

104

2.1870120 ×10−12 seconds

.655608 millimeters
or 6.55608x10-4 m

4.41448672×1022 kg 3.804160543×1013 C 4.47073665×102 K (310K=98.33°F, 36.85° C)

103

1.09350601835 ×10−12 seconds

.327804284 millimeter
or 3.27804284 x10-4 m

2.2072433638×1022 kg 1.90208027152×1013 C

2.23536832555×102 K or about -58° Fahrenehit

102

5.46753009176 ×10−13 seconds

.163902142 millimeters
or 1.63902142x10-4 m

1.1036216819×1022 kg 9.5104013576×1012 C 1.11768416278×102 K

101

2.73376504588×10−13 seconds

81.9510712 microns
or 81.9510712 x10-5 m

5.5181084095×1021 kg 4.7552006788×1012 C 55.884208139 K

100

1.36688252294×10−13 seconds

40.9755356 microns
or 4.09755356 x10-5m

2.7590542048×1021 kg 2.3776003394×1012 C 27.9421040695 K

99

6.83441261472×10−14 seconds

20.4877678 microns
or 2.04877678x10-5m

1.3795271024×1022 kg 1.1888001697×1012 C 13.9710520348 K

98

3.41720630736×10−14 seconds

10.2438839 microns
or 1.02438839x10-5m

6.8976355119×1021 kg 5.94400084848×1011 C 6.9855260174 K

97

1.70860315368×10−14 seconds

5.12194196 microns
or .0002+ inches

3.448817756×1021 kg 2.97200042424×1011 C 3.4927630087 K

96

8.5430157684×10−15 seconds

2.56097098 microns

1.724408878×1021 kg 1.48600021212×1011 C 1.74638150435 K

95

4.2715078842 ×10−15 seconds

1.28048549 microns
or 1.2804854x10-6m

8.6220443899×1020 kg 7.4300010606×1010C .87319075217 K

94

2.1357539421 ×10−15 seconds

640.242744 nanometers
6.40242744x10-7m

4.311022195×1020 kg 3.7150005303×1010C .4365953760 K

93

1.06787697105 ×10−15 seconds

320.121372 nanometers (nm) 390-to-700 nm (visible light)

2.1555110975×1020 kg 1.85750026515×1010C .2182976880 K

92

5.33938485524 ×10−16 seconds

160.060686 nanometers
or 1.60x10-7 m

1.0777555487×1020 kg 9.28750132576×109C .1091488440 K

91

2.66969242762 ×10−16 seconds

80.0303432 nanometers
or 8.00x10-8 m

5.3887777437×1019 kg 4.64375066288×109C .0545744220 K

90

1.33484621381 ×10−16 seconds

40.0151716 nanometers
or 4.00x10-8 m

2.6943888719×1019 kg 2.32187533144×109C .0272872110 K

89

6.67423106904 ×10−17 seconds

20.0075858 nanometers
or 2.00x10-8 m

1.3471944359×1019 kg 1.16093766572×109C .0136436055 K

88

3.33711553452 ×10−17 seconds

1.00037929x10-8 meters
or 10 nanometers

6.7359721796×1018 kg 5.8046883286×108C .0068218027 K

87

1.668557767 ×10−17 seconds
(smallest measurement - 2010)

5.00189644x10-9 meters

3.3679860898×1018 kg 2.9023441643×108C .0034109013 K

86

8.34278883632 ×10−18 seconds

2.50094822 nanometers
or 2.50094822x10-9 m

1.6839930449×1018 kg 1.45117208215×108C .0017054506 K

85

4.17139441816 ×10−18 seconds

1.25474112 nanometers
or 1.25x10-9 m

8.4199652246×1017 kg 7.25586041076×107C .0008527253 K

84

2.08569720908 ×10−18 seconds

.625237056 nanometers
or 6.25237056x10-10 m

4.2099826123×1017 kg 3.62793020538×107C .0004263626 K

83

1.04284860454 ×10−18 seconds

.312618528 nanometers
or 3.12x10-10 m

2.1049913061×1017 kg  1.81396510269×107C .0002131813 K

82

5.21424302272 ×10−19 seconds

.156309264 nanometers
or 1.563x10-10 m

1.0524956531×1017 kg 9.06982551344×106C .0001065906 K

81

2.60712151136 ×10−19 seconds

7.81546348x10-11 m

5.2624782654×1016 kg 4.53491275672×106C .0000532953 K

80

1.30356075568 ×10−19 seconds

3.90773174x10-11 m

2.6312391327×1016 kg 2.26745637836×106C .0000266476 K

79

6.5178037784 ×10−20 seconds

1.95386587x10-11 m

1.3156195663×1016 kg 1.13372818918×106C .0000133238 K

78

3.2589018892 ×10−20 seconds

9.76932936x10-12 m

6.5780978317×1015 kg 5.66864094592×105C .0000066619 K

77

1.6294509446 ×10−20 seconds

4.88466468x10-12 m

3.2890489158×1015 kg 2.83432047296×105C .0000333095 K

76

8.147254723 ×10−21 seconds

2.44233234x10-12 m

1.6445244579×1015 kg 1.41716023648×105C .0000166547 K

75

4.0736273615 ×10−21 seconds

1.22116617x10-12 m

8.2226222896×1014 kg 7.0858011824×104C .0000083273 K

74

2.03681368075 ×10−21 seconds

6.10583084x10-13 m

4.1113111448×1014 kg 3.5429005912×104C .0000041636 K

73

1.01840684038 ×10−21 seconds

3.05291542x10-13 m

2.0556555724×1014 kg 1.7714502956×104C .0000020818 K

72

5.09203420188 ×10−22 seconds

1.52645771x10-13 m

1.0278277862×1014 kg 8.857251478×103C .0000010409 K

71

2.54601710094 ×10−22 seconds

7.63228856x10-14 m

5.139138931×1013 kg 4.428625739×103C .0000005204 K

70

1.27300855047 ×10−22 seconds

3.81614428x10-14 m

2.5695694655×1013 kg 2.2143128695×103C .0000002602 K

69

6.36504275236 ×10−23 seconds

1.90807214x10-14 m

1.28478473275×1013 kg 1.10715643475×103C .0000001301 K

68

3.18252137 ×10−23 seconds

9.54036072x10-15 m

6.42392366376×1012 kg 553.578217376 C .0000006505 K

Transition from Small-Scale Universe to Human-Scale Universe (going up) or from Human Scale to Small Scale Universe (going down)

67

1.59126068 ×10−23 seconds

4.77018036x10-15 m

3.21196183188×1012 kg 276.789108688 C .0000003252 K

66

7.95630344044 ×10−24 seconds

2.38509018x10-15 m

1.60598091594×1012 kg 138.394554344 C (102) 1.62644451888 ×10-7 K

65

3.97815172022 ×10−24 seconds

1.19254509x10-15 m

8.02990457968×1011 kg 69.197277172 C 8.1322225944 ×10-8 K

64

1.98907586011 ×10−24 seconds

5.96272544x10-16 m

4.01495228984×1011 kg 34.598638586 C 4.0661112972 ×10-8 K

63

9.94537930 ×10−25 seconds

2.98136272x10-16 m

2.00747614492×1011 kg 17.299319293 Q (101) 2.03305564862 ×10-8 K

62

4.97268965028 ×10−25 seconds

1.49068136x10-16 m

1.00373807246×1011 kg

8.64965964648 C 1.01652782431 ×10-8 K

61

2.48634482514 ×10−25 seconds

7.45340678x10-17 m

5.01869036232×1010 kg 4.32482982324 C 5.0826391215 ×10-9 K

60

1.24317241257 ×10−25 seconds

3.72670339x10-17 m

2.50934518116×1010 kg 2.16241491162 C 2.54131956075 ×10-9 K

59

6.21586206284 ×10−26 seconds

1.86335169x10-17 m

1.25467259058×1010 kg 1.08120745581 C 1.27065978037 ×10-9 K

58

3.10793103142 ×10−26 seconds

9.31675848x10-18 m

6.27336295288×109 kg 5.40603727904×10-1C 6.3532989018 ×10-10 K

57

1.55396551571 ×10−26 seconds

4.65837924x10-18 m

3.13668147644×109 kg 2.70301863952×10-1C 3.1766494509 ×10-10 K

56

7.76982757856 ×10−27 seconds

2.32918962x10-18 m

1.56834073822×109 kg 1.35150931976×10-1C 1.58832472545 ×10-10 K

55

3.88491378928 ×10−27 seconds

1.16459481x10-18 m

7.84170369112×108 kg 6.7575465988×10-2C 7.9416236272 ×10-11 K

54

1.94245689464 ×10−27 seconds

5.82297404x10-19 m

3.92085184556×108 kg 3.3787732994×10-2C 3.9708118136 ×10-11 K

53

9.7122844732 ×10−28 seconds

2.91148702x10-19 m

1.96042592278×108 kg 1.6893866497×10-2C 1.9854059068 ×10-11 K

52

4.8561422366 ×10−28 seconds

1.45574351x10-19 m

9.80212961392×107 kg 8.44693324848×10-3C 9.927029534 ×10-12 K

51

2.4280711183 ×10−28 seconds

7.27871756x10-20 m

4.90106480696×107 kg 4.22346662424×10-3C 4.963514767 ×10-12 K

50

1.21403555915 ×10−28 seconds

3.63935878x10-20 m

2.45053240348×107 kg 2.11173331212×10-3C 2.4817573835 ×10-12 K

49

6.07017779576 ×10−29 seconds

1.81967939x10-20 m

1.22526620174×107 kg 1.05586665606×10-3C 1.24087869175 ×10-12 K

48

3.03508889788 ×10−29 seconds

9.09839696x10-21 m

6.12633100872×106 kg 5.27933328032×10-4C 6.2043934587 ×10-13 K

47

1.51754444894 ×10−29 seconds

4.54919848x10-21 m

3.06316550436×106 kg 2.63966664016×10-4C 3.10219672935 ×10-13 K

46

7.58772224468 ×10−30 seconds

2.27459924x10-21 m

1.53158275218×106 kg 1.31983332008×10-4C 1.55109836468 ×10-13 K

45

3.79386112234 ×10−30 seconds

1.13729962x10-21 m

7.65791376088×105 kg 6.5991666004×10-5C 7.7554918234 ×10-14 K

44

1.89693056117 ×10−30 seconds

5.68649812x10-22 m

3.82895688044×105 kg 3.2995833002×10-5C 3.8777459117 ×10-14 K

43

9.48465280584 ×10−31 seconds

2.84324906x10-22 m

1.91447844022×105 kg 1.6497916501×10-5C 1.93887295585 ×10-14 K

42

4.74232640292 ×10−31 seconds

1.42162453x10-22 m

9.57239220112104 kg 8.24895825048×10-6C

9.6943647792 ×10-15 K

41

2.37116320146 ×10-31 seconds

7.10812264x10-23 m

4.78619610056×104 kg 4.12447912524×10-6C 4.8471823896 ×10-15 K

40

1.18558160073 ×10−31 seconds

3.55406132x10-23 m

2.39309805028104 kg 2.06223956262×10-6C 2.4235911948 ×10-15 K

39

5.92790800364 ×10−32 seconds

8.88515328x10-24m 1.19654902514×104 kg 1.03111978131×10-6 C 1.2117955974 ×10-15K

38

2.96395400182 ×10−32 seconds

4.44257664x10-24 m

5.98274512572×103 kg 5.15559890656×10-7 C 6.058977987 ×10-16 K

37

1.48197700091 ×10−32 seconds

2.22128832x10-24m

2.99137256286×103 kg 2.57779945328×10-7 C 3.0294889935 ×10-16 K

36

7.40988500456 ×10−33 seconds

1.11064416x10-24m

1.49568628143×103 kg 1.28889972664×10-7 C 1.51474449675 ×10-16 K

35

3.70494250228 ×10−33 seconds

5.5532208x10-25m

747.843140716 kg 6.4444986332×10-8 C 7.5737224837 ×10-17 K

34

1.85247125114 ×10−33 seconds

2.7766104x10-25m

373.921570358 kg 3.2222493166×10-8 C 3.78686124185 ×10-17 K

33

9.26235625568 ×10−34 seconds

1.3883052x10-25m

186.960785179 kg (102) 1.6111246583×10-8 C 1.89343062093 ×10-17 K

32

4.63117812784×10−34 seconds

6.94152599x10-26m

93.4803925896 kg 8.05562329152×10-9 C 9.4671531046 ×10-18 K

31

1.15779453×10−34 seconds

3.47076299x10-26m

4.02781164×10-9 C 4.73357655 ×10-18 K

30

5.78897265978 ×10−35 seconds

1.735381494x10-26 m

23.37 kg 2.01390582288×10-9 C 2.36678827615 ×10-18 K

29

2.89448632989 ×10−35 seconds

8.67690749x10-27 m

11.685 kg (101) 1.00695291144×10-9 C 1.18339413807 ×10-18 K

28

1.44724316494 ×10−35 seconds

4.3384537x10-27 m

5.84252453684 kg 5.0347645572×10-10 C 5.9169706903 ×10-19 K

27

7.23621582472 ×10-36 seconds

2.16922687x10-27 m

2.92126226842 kg 2.5173822786×10-10 C 2.95848534515 ×10-19 K

26

3.61810791236 ×10−36 seconds

1.0846134x10-27 m

1.46063113421 kg 1.2586911393×10-10 C 1.47924267258 ×10-19 K

25

1.8090539561 ×10−36 seconds

5.42306718x10-28 m

7.30315567104×10 -1 kg 6.29345569648×10-11 C 7.3962133629 ×10-20 K

24

9.04526978 ×10−37 seconds

2.711533591x10-28 m

3.65157783552×10 -1 kg 3.14672784824×10-11 C 3.69810668145 ×10-20 K

23

4.5222634 ×10−37 seconds

1.35576679x10-28 m

1.82578891776×10 -1 kg 1.57336392412×10-11 C 1.84905334073 ×10-20 K

22

2.26131744522 ×10−37 seconds

6.77883397x10-29 m

9.1289445888×10 -2 kg 7.8668196206×10-12 C 9.2452667036 ×10-21 K

21

1.13065872261 ×10−37 seconds

3.38941698x10-29 meters

4.5644722944×10 -2 kg 3.9334098103×10-12 C 4.6226333518 ×10-21 K

20

5.65329361306 ×10−38 seconds

1.69470849x10-29 meters

2.2822361472×10 -2 kg 1.96670490515×10-12 C 2.3113166759 ×10-21 K

19

2.82646806528 ×10−38 seconds

8.47354247x10-30 meters

1.1411180736×10 -2 kg 9.83352452576×10-13 C 1.15565833795 ×10-21 K

18

1.41323403264 ×10−38 seconds

4.2367712x10-30 m

5.705590368×10 -3 kg 4.91676226288×10-13 C 5.7782916897 ×10-22 K

17

7.0661701632 ×10−39 seconds

2.11838561x10-30 m

2.852795184×10 -3 kg 2.45838113144×10-13 C 2.88914584485 ×10-22 K

16

3.530850816 ×10−39 seconds

1.05919280x10-30 m

1.426397592×10 -3 kg 1.22919056572×10-13 C 1.44457292242 ×10-22 K

15

1.7665425408 ×10−39 seconds

5.29596404x10-31 m

7.13198796×10 -4 kg 6.1459528286×10-14 C 7.2228646121 ×10-23 K

14

8.832712704 ×10−40 seconds

2.64798202x10-31 m

3.56599398×10 -4 kg 3.0729764143×10-14 C 3.61143230605 ×10-23 K

13

4.416356352 ×10−40 seconds

1.32399101x10-31 m

1.78299699×10 -4 kg 1.53648820715×10-14 C 1.80571615303 ×10-23 K

12

2.208178176 ×10 -40 seconds

6.619955x10-32 m

8.91498496×10 -5 kg 7.68244103576×10-15 9.0285807651 ×10-24 K

11

1.104089088 ×10-40 seconds

3.3099775x10-32 m

4.45749248×10 -5 kg 3.84122051788×10-15 C 4.51429038255 ×10-24 K

10

5.52044544 ×10-41 seconds

1.65498876x10-32 m

2.22874624×10 -5 kg

1.92061025894×10-15 C

2.25714519127 ×10-24 K

9

2.76022272 ×10-41 seconds

8.27494384x10-33 m

1.11437312×10 -5 kg 9.60305129472×10-16 C 1.12857259563 ×10-24 K

8

1.38011136 ×10-41 seconds

4.137471923x10-33 m

5.5718656×10 -6 kg 4.80152564736×10-16 C 5.6428629781 ×10-25 K

7

6.9005568 ×10−42 seconds

2.0687359616x10-33 m

2.7859328×10 -6 kg 2.40076282368×10-16 C 2.82143148905 ×10-25 K

6

3.4502784 ×10−42 seconds

1.03436798x10-33 m

1.3929664×10 -6 kg 1.20038141184×10-16 C 1.41071574453 ×10-25 K

5

1.7251392 ×10−42 seconds

5.1718399x10-34 meters

6.964832×10 -7 kg 6.0019070592×10-17 C 7.0535787226 ×10-26 K

4

8.625696 ×10−43 seconds

2.58591995x10-34 meters

3.482416×10 -7 kg 3.0009535296×10-17 C 3.5267893613×10-26 K

3

4.312848 ×10−43 seconds

1.29295997x10-34 meters

1.741208×10 -7 kg 1.5004767648×10-17 C 1.76339468065×10-26 K

2

2.156424 ×10−43 seconds

The second doubling

6.46479988×10-35 meters

8.70604×10 -8 kg 7.502383824×10-18 C 8.8169734032×10-27 K

1

1.078212 ×10−43 seconds

3.2323999×10-35 meters

4.35302 ×10 -8 kg

3.751191912 ×10-18 (C)

4.4084867016×10-27 K

The First Doubling, also a Cluster, Domain, Layer as well as a Set within a Group, all Base-2 Exponential Notations.

0

5.391 06×10−44 seconds

1.616199×10−35 meters

2.176 5110 -8 kg

1.8755459×10-18 C

1.416 833×1032 K Temperature

_________________

NOTES: The first attempt to analyze this chart for the general public is within the author's LinkedIn page.
Further work will be done specifically for business, science, education, and religion.

______________________________________________________________________________________________

REFERENCES:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Physical_constant

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planck_units

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_System_of_Units

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fine-structure_constant

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimensionless_quantity

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimensionless_quantity#Dimensionless_physical_constants

Speed of light c = 299792458 ms-1

http://math.ucr.edu/home/baez/constants.html  How Many Fundamental Constants Are There? by John Baez, April 22, 2011

http://arxiv.org/pdf/gr-qc/0512021.pdf

http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/0707/0707.0058.pdf

http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/spacetime-holearg/

http://phys.org/news/2010-05-attoseconds-world-shortest.html 12 attoseconds is shortest measured time duration

PLANCK TEMPERATURE:

1.416 833(85) ×1032

2.72548 ±0.00057 K

Unit Name Unit Symbol Quantity
Ampere (amp) A Electric current (I)
Volt V Voltage (V, E)

Electromotive force (E)

Potential difference

Ohm Ω Resistance (R)
Watt W Electric power (P)
Decibel-milliwatt dBm Electric power (P)
Decibel-Watt dBW Electric power (P)
Volt-Ampere-Reactive var Reactive power (Q)
Volt-Ampere VA Apparent power (S)
Henry H Inductance (L)
siemens / mho S Conductance (G)

Coulomb C Electric charge (Q)
Ampere-hour Ah Electric charge (Q)
Joule J Energy (E)
Kilowatt-hour kWh Energy (E)
Electron-volt eV Energy (E)
Ohm-meter Ω∙m Resistivity (ρ)
siemens per meter S/m Conductivity (σ)
Volts per meter V/m Electric field (E)
Newtons per coulomb N/C Electric field (E)
Volt-meter V·m Electric flux (Φe)
Tesla T Magnetic field (B)
Gauss G Magnetic field (B)
Weber Wb Magnetic flux (Φm)
Hertz Hz Frequency (f)
Seconds s Time (t)
Meter / metre m Length (l)
Square-meter m2 Area (A)
Decibel dB
Parts per million ppm
pico p 10-12 1pF = 10-12F
nano n 10-9 1nF = 10-9F
micro μ 10-6 1μA = 10-6A
milli m 10-3 1mA = 10-3A
kilo k 10 3 1kΩ = 1000Ω
mega M 10 6 1MHz = 106Hz
giga G 10 9 1GHz = 109Hz

0 K = -459.67 F 0

First draft of this chart was complete at 1:32 PM on Wednesday, February 11, 2015

Now, what's compelling?  What is not?