
Planck Time Doublings: Primarily in Seconds

Planck Length Doublings: Primarily in Meters

204

The Age of the Universe: 13.78 to 13.8 billion years

8.310x10^{26} m or Future Universe

203

It appears that we are in the earliest part of 201 doubling:

4.155x10^{26} m or Near Future Universe

202

6.9309178x10^{17} seconds (21.9777+ billion years)

2.077x10^{26} m or in the range of the Observable Universe

201

346,545,888,147,200,000 seconds (10.9888+ billion years)

1.03885326x10^{26} m approaching the Observable Universe

200

173,272,944,073,600,000 seconds (5.49444+ billion years) (10^{17)}

5.19426632x10^{25} m

199

86,636,472,036,800,000 seconds (2.747+ billion years)

2.59713316x10^{25} m

198

43,318,236,018,400,000 seconds (1.3736+ billion years)

1.29856658x10^{25} m

197

21,659,118,009,200,000 seconds (686.806+ million years)

6.49283305x10^{24} m

196

10,829,559,004,600,000 seconds (342.4+ million years) (10^{16})

3.24641644x10^{24} m

195

5,414,779,502,320,000 seconds (171.2+ million years)

1.62320822x10^{24} m

194

2,707,389,751,160,000 seconds (85.6+ million years)

8.11604112x10^{23} m

193

1,353,694,875,580,000 seconds (42.8+ million years) (10^{15})

4.05802056x10^{23} m

192

676,847,437,792,000 seconds (21.4+ million years)

2.02901033x10^{23} m

191

338,423,718,896,000 seconds (10.724+ million years)

1.01450514x10^{23} m

190

169,211,859,448,000 seconds (5.3+ million years) (10^{14})

5.07252568x10^{22} m

189

84,605,929,724,000 seconds (2.6+ million years)

2.5362629 x10^{22} m

188

42,302,964,862,000 seconds (1.3+ million years)

1.26813145 x10^{22} m

187

21,151,482,431,000 seconds (640+ thousand years)

6.34065727x10^{21} m

186

10,575,741,215,500 seconds (320+ thousand years) (10^{13})

3.17032864x10^{21} m or 3 Zettameters or 310,000 ly

185

5,287,870,607,760 seconds (160+ thousand years)

1.58516432x10^{21} m or about 150,000 ly (1.5z)

184

2,643,935,303,880 seconds (83.7+ thousand years)

7.92582136x10^{20} m

183

1,321,967,651,940 seconds (41.8+ thousand years) (10^{12})

3.96291068x10^{20} m

182

660,983,825,972 seconds (20.9+ thousand years)

1.981455338x10^{20} m

181

330,491,912,986 seconds (or about 10,472.9 years)

9.90727664x10^{19} meters

180

165,245,956,493 seconds (10^{11})

4.95363832x10^{19} m

179

82,622,978,246.4 seconds

2.47681916x10^{19} m

178

41,311,489,123.2 seconds

1.23840958x10^{19} m

177

20,655,744,561.6 seconds

6.19204792x10^{18} m

176

10,327,872,280.8 seconds (10^{10})

3.09602396x10^{18} m

175

5,163,936,140.4 seconds

1.54801198x10^{18} m

174

2,581,968,070.2 seconds

7.74005992x10^{17} m

173

1,290,984,035.1 seconds (10^{9})

3.87002996x10^{17} m

172

645,492,017.552 seconds

1.93501504 x10^{17} m

171

322,746,008.776 seconds

9.67507488x10^{16} m

170

161,373,004.388 seconds (10^{8})

4.83753744x10^{16} m

169

80,686,502.194 seconds

2.41876872x10^{16} m

168

40,343,251.097 sec (466 days)(Note: 31,536,000 s/year)

1.20938436x10^{16} m

Comments: A light year is about 9.4605284×10^{15} meters (Google) or 9,460,730,472,580,800 metres "exactly" (Wikipedia). Use the Gregorian calendar (circa 1582) where a year is 365.2425 and the speed of light is given as 299,792,458 metres/second, the calculation is 365.2425 times 86400 seconds/day (or 31556952 seconds/year) times 299,792,458 meters/second or 9.4605362^{+}×10^{15} meters. Discrepancies would become quite large at the size of the Observable Universe and the Age of the Known Universe.
Using Planck Units:



One Light Year

9.45994265715×10^{15}m 
167

20,171,625.5485 seconds (233.468 days)

6.0469218x10^{15} m [one light year (ly) is 9.4x10^{15} m]

166

10,085,812.7742 seconds (116.73 days) (10^{7})

3.0234609x10^{15} m

165

5,042,906.38712 seconds (58.36+)

1.5117305x10^{15} m

164

2,521,453.19356 s (29.1835 days)

7.55865224x10^{14} m

163

1,260,726.59678 s (14.59+ days) (10^{6})

3.77932612x10^{14} m

162

630,363.29839 s (7.29+ days)

1.88966306x10^{14} m (about 7day light travel)

161

315,181.649195 seconds (3.64794 days)

9.44831528x10^{13} m

160

157,590.824 s (1.82 days) (10^{5})

4.72415764x10^{13} m

159

78,795.4122988 s (.911984 days)

2.36207882x10^{13} m (or close to 24hour light travel)

158

39,397.7061494 seconds

1.18103945x10^{13} m

157

19,698.8530747 seconds (10^{4})

5.90519726x10^{12} m

156

9849.42653735 seconds

2.95259863x10^{12} m ()

155

4924.71326867 seconds(3600 s in hour)

1.47629931x10^{12} m

154

2462.35663434 seconds

738,149,657 kilometers 10^{11}

153

1231.17831717 seconds (10^{3})

369,074,829 kilometers 10^{11}

152

615.589158584 seconds (10.259+ minutes)

184,537,414 kilometers 10^{11}

151

307.794579292 seconds

92,268,707.1 kilometers (range of earthtosun)10^{10}m

150

153.897289646 seconds (10^{2})

46,134,353.6 kilometers 10^{10}

149

76.948644823 s (16+ sec over 1 min)

23,067,176.8 kilometers 10^{10}

Comments: A light minute is, of course, sixty times 299,792.458 km/second. Again, using simple mathematics, the distance light travels in one minute is 17,987,547.48 which is about 1000 kilometers off of 17,986,420.0329 km/second using the simple mathematics of this chart. This difference will be further analyzed.

148

38.4743224115 s (21.53 sec to 1 min)

11,533,588.4 kilometers 10^{10}

147

19.2371612058 seconds 10^{1}

5,766,794.2 kilometers 10^{9}

146

9.61858060288 seconds

2,883,397.1 kilometers 10^{9}

145

4.80929030144 seconds

1,441,698.55 kilometers 10^{9} m

144

2.40464515072 seconds

720,849.264 kilometers 10^{8}

143

1.20232257536 s (1s ≠ perfect t_{p} multiple)
One Second:

360,424.632 kilometers 10^{8} meters
Speed of light equals 299,792,458 m/s

Comments: Science knows experimentally that light travels 299,792.458 km/second (a light second). Here it is confirmed using simple mathematics. To our knowledge, this is the first time it has been confirmed in this manner. Also, a Planck Time multiple, either 1.202 seconds or .6011 seconds, could be used as a standard unit of time that is based on a theoretical constant. We will explore further the calculations for a day, week, month and year based on such a system. We'll also explore it in light of recent work to define the theoretical chronon.

 
A Light Second 
299,792.458 km 
142

6.0116128768×10^{−1} seconds

180,212.316 kilometers (111,979+ miles) 10^{8} m

141

3.0058064384×10^{−1} seconds

90,106.158 kilometers 10^{7} m

140

1.5029032192×10^{−1} seconds

45,053.079 kilometers 10^{7}

139

7.514516096×10^{−2} seconds

22,526.5398 kilometers 10^{7}

138

3.757258048 × 10^{−2} seconds

11,263.2699 kilometers or about 7000 miles

137

1.878629024 × 10^{−2} seconds

5631.63496 kilometers 10^{6}

136

9.39314512 × 10^{−3} seconds

2815.81748 kilometers 10^{6}


The transition from the HumanScale to the Large Scale Universe

135

4.69657256 × 10^{−3} seconds

1407.90874 kilometers (about 874 miles) 10^{6} m

134

2.34828628 × 10^{−3} seconds

703.954368 kilometers 10^{5}

133

1.174143145978 × 10^{−3} seconds

351.977184 kilometers (218.7 miles) 10^{5}

132

5.8707157335 × 10^{−4} seconds

175.988592 kilometers (109.35 miles) 10^{5}

131

2.93535786675 × 10^{−4} seconds

87.994296 kilometers 10^{4}

130

1.46767893338 × 10^{−4} seconds

43.997148 kilometers 10^{4}

129

7.33839466688 × 10^{−5} seconds

21.998574 kilometers10^{4}

128

3.66919733344 × 10^{−5} seconds

10.999287 kilometers or within 6.83464 miles 10^{4}

127

1.83459866672× 10^{−5} seconds

5.49964348 kilometers 10^{3}

126

9.1729933336 × 10^{−6} seconds

2.74982174 kilometers 10^{3}

125

4.5864966668 × 10^{−6} seconds

1.37491087 kilometers 10^{3}

124

2.2932483334 × 10^{−6} seconds

687.455439 meters 10^{2}

123

1.1466241667 × 10^{−6} seconds

343.72772 meters or about 1128 feet 10^{2}

122

5.73312083348 × 10^{−7} seconds

171.86386 meters or about 563 feet 10^{2}

121

2.86656041674 × 10^{−7} seconds

85.9319296 meters 10^{1}

120

1.43328020837 × 10^{−7} s

42.9659648 meters 10^{1}

119

7.16640104186 × 10^{−8} sec

21.4829824 meters 10^{1}

118

3.58320052093 × 10^{−8} sec

10.7414912 meters or 35.24 feet or 1.074x10^{1} m 10^{0}

117

1.79160026046 × 10^{−8} seconds

5.3707456 meters 10^{0}

116

8.95800130232 × 10^{−9} seconds

2.6853728 meters or 105.723 inches 10^{0}

115

4.47900065116 × 10^{−9} seconds

1.3426864 meters or 52.86 inches 10^{0}

114

2.23950032558 × 10^{−9} seconds

67.1343176 cm (19.68+ inches or 6.71x10^{1}

113

1.11975016279 × 10^{−9} seconds

33.5671588 centimeters or 3.356x10^{1} m)

112

5.59875081396 × 10^{−10} seconds

16.7835794 centimeters or 1.6783x10^{1}

111

2.79937540698 × 10^{−10} seconds

8.39178968 cm (3.3+ inches or 8.39x10^{2} m)

110

1.39968770349 × 10^{−10} seconds

4.19589484 centimeters 4.19589484x10^{2} m

109

6.99843851744 × 10^{−11} seconds

2.09794742 centimeters or 2.0979x10^{2} m

108

3.49921925872 × 10^{−11} seconds

1.04897 centimeters or 1.04897375x10^{2} m

107

1.74960962936 × 10^{−11} seconds

5.24486856 mm (about 1/4 inch) or 5.24x10^{3} m

106

8.7480481468 × 10^{−12} seconds

2.62243428 millimeters or 2.62243428x10^{3} m

105

4.3740240734 × 10^{−12} seconds

1.31121714 millimeters 1.31121714x10^{3} m

104

2.1870120367 ×10^{−12} seconds

.655608568 millimeters or 6.55608568x10^{4} m

103

1.09350601835 ×10^{−12} seconds

.327804284 millimeter or 3.27804284 x10^{4} m

102

5.46753009176 ×10^{−13} seconds

.163902142 millimeters or 1.63902142x10^{4} m

101

2.73376504588 × 10^{−13} seconds

81.9510712 microns or 81.9510712 x10^{5} m

100

1.36688252294 × 10^{−13} seconds

40.9755356 microns or 4.09755356 x10^{5} m

99

6.83441261472 × 10^{−14} seconds

20.4877678 microns or 2.04877678x10^{5} m

98

3.41720630736 × 10^{−14} seconds

10.2438839 microns or 1.02438839x10^{5} m

97

1.70860315368 × 10^{−14} seconds

5.12194196 microns (.0002+ inches or 5.12x10^{6} m)

96

8.5430157684 × 10^{−15} seconds 
2.56097098 microns or 2.56097098x10^{6} m

95

4.2715078842 × 10^{−15} seconds

1.28048549 microns or 1.2804854x10^{6} m

94

2.1357539421 × 10^{−15} seconds

640.242744 nanometers 6.40242744x10^{7}m

93

1.06787697105 × 10^{−15} seconds

320.121372 nanometers 3.20121372x10^{7} m

92

5.33938485524 × 10^{−16} seconds

160.060686 nanometers or 1.60x10^{7} m

91

2.66969242762 × 10^{−16} seconds

80.0303432 nanometers or 8.00x10^{8} m

90

1.33484621381 × 10^{−16} seconds

40.0151716 nanometers or 4.00x10^{8} m

89

6.67423106904 × 10^{−17} seconds

20.0075858 nanometers or 2.00x10^{8} m

88

3.33711553452 × 10^{−17} seconds

1.00037929x10^{8} meters or 10 nanometers

87

1.66855776 × 10^{−17} seconds (smallest measurement  2010)

5.00189644x10^{9} meters

86

8.34278883632 × 10^{−18} seconds

2.50094822 nanometers or 2.50094822x10^{9} m

85

4.17139441816 × 10^{−18} seconds

1.25474112 nanometers or 1.25x10^{9} m

84

2.08569720908 × 10^{−18} seconds

.625237056 nanometers or 6.25237056x10^{10} m

83

1.04284860454 × 10^{−18} seconds

.312618528 nanometers or 3.12x10^{10} m

82

5.21424302272 × 10^{−19} seconds

.156309264 nanometers or 1.563x10^{10} m

81

2.60712151136 × 10^{−19} seconds

7.81546348x10^{11} m

80

1.30356075568 × 10^{−19} seconds

3.90773174x10^{11} m

79

6.5178037784 × 10^{−20} seconds

1.95386587x10^{11} m

78

3.2589018892 × 10^{−20} seconds

9.76932936x10^{12} m

77

1.6294509446 × 10^{−20} seconds

4.88466468x10^{12} m

76

8.147254723 × 10^{−21} seconds

2.44233234x10^{12} m

75

4.0736273615 × 10^{−21} seconds

1.22116617x10^{12} m

74

2.03681368075 × 10^{−21} seconds

6.10583084x10^{13} m

73

1.01840684038 × 10^{−21} seconds

3.05291542x10^{13} m

72

5.09203420188 × 10^{−22} seconds

1.52645771x10^{13} m

71

2.54601710094 × 10^{−22} seconds

7.63228856x10^{14} m




70

1.27300855047 × 10^{−22} seconds

3.81614428x10^{14} m

69

6.36504275236 × 10^{−23} seconds

1.90807214x10^{14} m

68

3.18252137618 × 10^{−23} seconds

9.54036072x10^{15} m


Transition from the SmallScale Universe to the HumanScale Universe

67

1.59126068809 × 10^{−23} seconds

4.77018036x10^{15} m

66

7.95630344044 × 10^{−24} seconds

2.38509018x10^{15} m

65

3.97815172022 × 10^{−24} seconds

1.19254509x10^{15} m

64

1.98907586011 × 10^{−24} seconds

5.96272544x10^{16} m

63

9.94537930056 × 10^{−25} seconds

2.98136272x10^{16} m

62

4.97268965028 × 10^{−25} seconds

1.49068136x10^{16} m

61

2.48634482514 × 10^{−25} seconds

7.45340678x10^{17} m

60

1.24317241257 × 10^{−25} seconds

3.72670339x10^{17} m

59

6.21586206284 × 10^{−26} seconds

1.86335169x10^{17} m

58

3.10793103142 × 10^{−26} seconds

9.31675848x10^{18} m

57

1.55396551571 × 10^{−26} seconds

4.65837924x10^{18} m

56

7.76982757856 × 10^{−27} seconds

2.32918962x10^{18} m

55

3.88491378928 × 10^{−27} seconds

1.16459481x10^{18} m

54

1.94245689464 × 10^{−27} seconds

5.82297404x10^{19} m

53

9.7122844732 × 10^{−28} seconds

2.91148702x10^{19} m

52

4.8561422366 × 10^{−28} seconds

1.45574351x10^{19} m

51

2.4280711183 × 10^{−28} seconds

7.27871756x10^{20} m

50

1.21403555915 × 10^{−28} seconds

3.63935878x10^{20} m

49

6.07017779576 × 10^{−29} seconds

1.81967939x10^{20} m

48

3.03508889788 × 10^{−29} seconds

9.09839696x10^{21} m

47

1.51754444894 × 10^{−29} seconds

4.54919848x10^{21} m

46

7.58772224468 × 10^{−30} seconds

2.27459924x10^{21} m

45

3.79386112234 × 10^{−30} seconds

1.13729962x10^{21} m

44

1.89693056117 × 10^{−30} seconds

5.68649812x10^{22} m

43

9.48465280584 × 10^{−31} seconds

2.84324906x10^{22} m

42

4.74232640292 × 10^{−31} seconds

1.42162453x10^{22} m

41

2.37116320146 × 10^{−31} seconds

7.10812264x10^{23} m

40

1.18558160073 × 10^{−31} seconds

3.55406132x10^{23} m

39

5.92790800364 × 10^{−32} seconds

8.88515328x10^{24}m 
38

2.96395400182 × 10^{−32} seconds

4.44257664x10^{24} m

37

1.48197700091 × 10^{−32} seconds

2.22128832x10^{24}m

36

7.40988500456 × 10^{−33} seconds

1.11064416x10^{24}m

35

3.70494250228 × 10^{−33} seconds

5.5532208x10^{25}m

34

1.85247125114 × 10^{−33} seconds

2.7766104x10^{25}m

33

9.26235625568 × 10^{−34} seconds

1.3883052x10^{25}m

32

4.63117812784× 10^{−34} seconds

6.94152599x10^{26}m

31

1.15779453196× 10^{−34} seconds

3.47076299x10^{26}m

30

5.78897265978 × 10^{−35} seconds

1.735381494x10^{26} m

29

2.89448632989 × 10^{−35} seconds

8.67690749x10^{27} m

28

1.44724316494 × 10^{−35} seconds

4.3384537x10^{27} m

27

7.23621582472 × 10^{36} seconds

2.16922687x10^{27} m

26

3.61810791236 × 10^{−36} seconds

1.0846134x10^{27} m

25

1.80905395618 × 10^{−36} seconds

5.42306718x10^{28} m

24

9.045269781089 × 10^{−37} seconds

2.711533591x10^{28} m

23

4.522263489044 × 10^{−37} seconds

1.35576679x10^{28} m

22

2.26131744522 × 10^{−37} seconds

6.77883397x10^{29} m

21

1.13065872261 × 10^{−37} seconds

3.38941698x10^{29} meters

20

5.65329361306 × 10^{−38} seconds

1.69470849x10^{29} meters

19

2.82646806528 ×10^{−38} seconds

8.47354247x10^{30} meters

18

1.41323403264 ×10^{−38} seconds

4.2367712x10^{30} m

17

7.0661701632 × 10^{−39} seconds

2.11838561x10^{30} m

16

3.530850816 × 10^{−39} seconds

1.05919280x10^{30} m

15

1.7665425408 × 10^{−39} seconds

5.29596404x10^{31} m

14

8.832712704 × 10^{−40}seconds

2.64798202x10^{31} m

13

4.416356352 × 10^{−40} seconds

1.32399101x10^{31} m

12

2.208178176 ^{× 10}−40 seconds

6.6199550x10^{32} m
m

11

1.104089088 × 10^{−40} seconds

3.30997752x10^{32} m

10

5.52044544 × 10^{−41} seconds

1.65498876x10^{32} m

9

2.76022272 × 10^{−41} seconds

8.27494384x10^{33} m

8

1.38011136 × 10^{−41} seconds

4.1374719232x10^{33} m

7

6.9005568 × 10^{−42} seconds

2.0687359616x10^{33} m

6

3.4502784 × 10^{−42} seconds

1.03436798x10^{33} m

5

1.7251392 × 10^{−42} seconds

5.17183990x10^{34} m

4

8.625696 × 10^{−43} seconds

2.58591995x10^{34} m

3

4.312848 × 10^{−43} seconds

1.29295997x10^{34} m

2

2.156424 × 10^{−43} s The second doubling

6.46479988×10^{35} meters

1

1.078212 × 10^{−43} s The first doubling

3.23239994×10^{35} m The first doubling, step, or layer.
