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Last Update: Saturday September 18, 2021

An Architecture for Integrative Systems

This page evolves from a 1979 global dialogue between scholars in the natural sciences, the humanities and theology. It was originally formulated to provide discussion materials for a conference at MIT entitled, Faith, Science and the Human Future.   It is re-created here as a template for the Big Board - little universe.

The purpose of this project was to summarize those comprehensive worldviews and powerfully suggestive ideas of living scholars (bold equals the living).  All vetted within their community as leading thinkers, the hope was that there might be a dynamic exchange and synthesis of ideas and information that would opened to new and deeper insights and wisdom. Based on their experiences, observations, historical analysis, hypotheses and testing, informed speculations, and even visionary insights,each person's  work was placed within one of three perspectives: The Small-Scale Universe, The Human-Scale Universe, and The Large-Scale Universe.  And then, with each perspective, there were three groups of scholars: (1) Natural Scientists, (2) Philosophers/Theologians and (3) The Boldly Speculative.

The Small-Scale Universe

To Be - Reality. What is it?

Scholars seek to define
fundamental units of reality,
experience and/or being.

The Human Scale

To Know - Ways of Knowing

Scholars seek to understand basic
interactions from cells to populations
of people. What makes life human?
What gives life meaning?

The Large-Scale Universe

To Envision the Cosmos

Scholars seek to understand cosmology --
the parts, laws, and operations
of the universe. They seek to know
the origin and nature of the universe.

1979 - All Living Scholars
(all listings, all columns are alphabetical)
Scientists - Philosophers - Theologians
(all listings are followed by a school designation)
All Living Scholars in 1979
(all listings of published work are linked)

•  Ian Barbour, Carleton, Northfield (MN)
    Issues in Science and Religion

•  Michael Arbib, Massachusetts, UCLA
   Brains, Machines and Mathematics

•  Hannes Alfven, Uppsala, Stockholm
     Cosmic Plasma

•  Ted Bastin, Cambridge
    Quantum Theory & Beyond
•  Peter Berger, Boston College
    The Sacred Canopy
•  Hermann Bondi, London
    The cosmological scene

 •  Charles Birch, Sydney
    Biology and the Riddle of Life

•  Percy Brand Blanshard, Yale
    The Nature of Thought

•  Margaret & Geoffrey Burbidge, UCSD (CA)
    The Abundances of the Elements

•  David Bohm, Birbeck, London
    Fragmentation & Wholeness

•  Kenneth Boulding, Colorado
    The World as a Total System

•  Buckminster Fuller, Pennsylvania
     Synergetics I & II

•  Mario Bunge, McGill, Montreal
    Treatise on Basic Philosophy

•  Erwin Chargaff,Columbia
     Heraclitean Fire

•  Stephen Hawking, Cambridge
     On the Shoulders of Giants

•  Fritjof Capra, Lawrence Berkeley
    The Tao of Physics

•  Noam Chomsky, MIT
    Language and Mind

•  Fred Hoyle, Cambridge, Cal Tech
    Ten Faces of the Universe

•  John Cobb, Claremont (CA)
    Process Studies

•  Freeman Dyson, Princeton
    Disturbing the Universe

•  Stanley Jaki, Seton Hall (NJ)
    Science and Creation

•  Richard Feynman, Cal Tech
    Theory of Fundamental Processes

•  John Eccles, SUNY-Buffalo
    Understanding of the Brain

•  Bernard Lovell, Manchester, JBO
    Emerging Cosmology: Convergence

•  Lewis Ford, Old Dominion, Norfolk (VA)
    Lure of God

•  Richard Falk, Princeton
    A Study of Future Worlds

•  Roger Penrose
    The Emperor's New Mind

•  Sheldon Glashow, Harvard
    The charm of physics

•  Paul K. Feyerabend, Berkeley
    Science in a Free Society

•  Arno Penzias,  Bell Labs (NJ)
    The Origin of the Elements

•  David Griffin, Claremont (CA)
    Archetypal Process

•  John N. Findlay, Oxford, Boston
    Plato: The Written and Unwritten

•  Carl Sagan, Cornell
    Contact  and  Cosmos

•  Charles Hartshorne, Chicago
    The Zero Fallacy

•  Hans-Georg Gadamer, Heidelberg
    Truth and Method

•  Fred A. Wolf
    The Dreaming Universe

•  Krishnamurti, California
    The First and Last Freedom

•  Langdon Gilkey, Chicago
    Maker of Heaven and Earth

•  Tarthang Tulku (Berkeley, CA)
    Time, Space, and Knowledge

•  H. Pierre Noyes, Stanford
    Bit-String Physics

•  Steven Grossberg, Boston
    Studies of Mind and Brain

•  Steven Weinberg, Harvard, Texas
    The First Three Minutes

•  Shubert Ogden, SMU, Dallas (TX)
    On Theology

•  Jürgen Habermas, Max Planck, Starnberg
    The Fear of Freedom

•  Yakov B. Zel'dovich
    Creation of particles in cosmology

•  Harold Oliver, Boston
    A Relational Metaphysic

Gerald Holton, Harvard
    Scientific Imagination

Living Scholars Today

Who shall we add in each
category?   Who are today's
leading living scholars?

•  Gian-Carlo Rota,  MIT
    Foundations of Combinatorics

•  William Johnston, Sophia, Japan
    Still Point

•  Julian Schwinger, UCLA
    Einstein's Legacy

•  Gustavo Lagos, Chile
    (in process)

•  John Baez, UCR (CA)
    Knots and quantum gravity

•  Henry P. Stapp, Lawrence Berkeley
    Mindful Universe

•  Erwin Laszlo, UN
    Systems View of the World

•  Lisa Randall, Harvard
    Warped Passages

•  Victor Weisskopf, MIT
    The Joy of Insight

•  Bernard Lonergan, Regis
     Insight: A Study of Human Understanding

•  Richard Dawkins, Oxford
    The Magic of Reality

•  Carl F. von Weizsäcker, Max-Planck (Starnberg)
    The Structure of Physics

•  Lynn Margulis, Massachusetts (Amherst)
    Early Life

•  Daniel Shechtman, Technion
    Icosahedral Quasiperiodic Phase

•  John Wheeler, Princeton, Texas
    Spacetime Physics

•  Ali A. Mazrui, Michigan, SUNY-Binghamton
    A World Federation of Cultures

•  Jim Yong Kim, World Bank,
    Dartmouth, Toward a Golden Age

•  Eugene Wigner, Princeton
    Symmetries & Reflections

 Marvin Minsky, MIT
    The Society of Mind

•  Ben J. Green, Cambridge
    On arithmetic structures...

•  Jürgen Moltmann, Tübingen
    The Spirit of Life

•  Brian Green, Columbia (NYC)
     The Elegant Universe

The selection committee

Included Marx Wartofsky, 
J. Robert Nelson, Alan Olson,
and Bill Henneman, all of
Boston University.

•  Wolfhart Pannenburg, Munich
    Theology and the Philosophy of Science

Agnieszka Zalewska, Krakow, CERN
    Large Hadron Collider

•  Karl Popper, London
    All Life Is Problem Solving

•  _____

Every scholar selected was also
invited to nominate others.

•  Karl Pribam, Stanford
    The End of Certainty

•  _____

Every scholar was also invited
to critique the selections.

•  Ilya Prigogine, Brussels
    The End of Certainty

•  _____

Bruce Camber initiated and
coordinated this effort.

• Karl Rahner
    Theological Investigations

•  _____

A back story of its development
is linked here

• Theodore Roszak, San Francisco State
    The Making of a Counter Culture.

•  _____

More to come...

Huston Smith, Syracuse
    The World's Religions

•  _____

• William I. Thomson, Lindisfarne
    Passages about Earth

•  _____